How to care for Japanese Black Pine as bonsai
Japanese Black Pine needs full sun and is heat and drought tolerant. You can transfer some of the Mycorrhiza (white, threadlike duff) from around the roots of a local pine to the bonsai substrate. Pines take branch pruning fairly well but resents root pruning. Use possible deadwood features to promote the old age image. Nishiki -corky bark- the variety we grow, easily backbuds and can develop short dense needles and internodes. Reduce each whorl of candles (buds) down to two buds. Keep most of the lower branches during development stage. It does not appreciate systematic yearly repotting or systematic water saturation. The care of pines is unnecessarily complicated by considerable "bonsai confusion" differing information.